The physical environment refers to the natural and man-made surroundings that exist within a geographical area, including land, water, air, vegetation, and built structures. This environment shapes the way people live, work, and interact, and can have a significant impact on human health, well-being, and quality of life. The physical environment can be affected by both natural events (such as weather patterns, earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions) and human activities (such as land use and resource extraction). It is the responsibility of governments and individuals to ensure that the physical environment is protected and managed sustainably for the benefit of current and future generations.