having or showing a great or excessive pride or admiration in one’s own abilities, achievements, or characteristics


US English

UK English

Part of speech



boastful, bragging, conceited, egoistic, egotistical, self-centered, self-complacent, self-important, self-satisfied, smug


humble, modest, unassuming

Example sentences

  • The vainglorious CEO was constantly talking about his accomplishments and successes in front of his employees.
  • The actor’s vainglorious behavior on set was grating on everyone’s nerves.
  • The musician’s vainglorious attitude was causing friction between himself and the rest of the band.


“Vainglorious” is an adjective that describes someone who is excessively boastful or proud of their achievements, abilities, or possessions. The word “vainglorious” comes from the Old French word “vainglorieux” which means “proud” or “vain.” The prefix “vain-” in “vainglorious” means “empty” or “worthless” and the suffix “-glorious” means “full of glory.” So, “vainglorious” literally means “full of empty glory."

People who are vainglorious often crave attention and recognition and they constantly talk about their accomplishments and try to show off their wealth, beauty, or intelligence. Vainglorious behavior can be perceived as arrogant and it can create negative feelings in others. It can also damage relationships and limit opportunities because people may not want to associate with someone who is overly boastful.

It is important to recognize the difference between confidence and vainglory. Confidence is a positive attribute that comes from a sense of self-assurance and a belief in one’s abilities. Vainglory, on the other hand, is an excessive form of pride that is often rooted in a desire for recognition and a lack of self-awareness.

In conclusion, being vainglorious is often seen as a negative trait and it can lead to social and personal difficulties. To avoid this, it is advisable to practice modesty, gratitude, and self-awareness. These qualities will help to build positive relationships and enhance one’s personal and professional life