To yield or give in to pressure, temptation, or various influences; to be overcome or overwhelmed by something.


US English

UK English

Part of Speech



surrender, submit, give in, yield, cave in, capitulate, bow, relent, give way


resist, withstand, endure, fight, prevail, overcome, persevere

Word Forms

Part of Speech Words
Noun None
Verb succumbs, succumbed, succumbing, succumb
Adjective None
Adverb None

Example Sentences

  • Despite his initial determination, he eventually succumbed to the temptations of the party and indulged in excessive drinking.

  • The team fought hard, but in the end, they succumbed to the pressure and made several costly mistakes.

  • She tried her best to resist the influence of negative peer pressure, but eventually succumbed and made a regrettable decision.

  • The old regime refused to succumb to the demands of the protestors, leading to a prolonged standoff between the government and the people.


The word “succumb” traces its roots back to the Latin word “succumbere,” where “sub” means “under” and “cumbere” means “to lie down.” The literal meaning of “succumb” in Latin refers to the act of yielding or lying down under pressure. Over time, this meaning has evolved into its contemporary usage.

“Succumb” is primarily used as a verb to describe the act of yielding or giving in to various influences or pressures. It implies that someone is overwhelmed or overcome by something, whether it be physical, emotional, or mental. The word suggests a sense of surrender or losing a battle against external forces.

Often, “succumb” is used to depict situations where an individual or group is unable to resist temptation, surrendering to desires or vices. It can also be used to describe scenarios where someone falls victim to a disease or illness, ultimately being overwhelmed by its effects.

The versatility and wide-ranging applicability of “succumb” make it a useful term in various contexts, such as personal relationships, challenges, conflicts, addictions, and even societal or political dynamics. It effectively conveys the idea of giving in or being defeated by external factors.

In terms of morphology, “succumb” does not have any prefixes or suffixes; it is a standalone word. However, it is important to note that its Latin origin offers insights into its meaning. The prefix “sub-” expresses the idea of being beneath or under something, while the root “cumbere” suggests lying down or surrendering. Together, they create a vivid image of yielding or being overwhelmed by something overpowering.