Angry or annoyed; bad-tempered


US English

UK English

Part of Speech



irate, irritated, annoyed, mad, frustrated


calm, peaceful, content, pleased

Word Forms

Part of Speech Words
Noun crossness, crossnesses, crossings, cross, crossing, crosses
Verb cross, crossed, crossing, crosses
Adjective cross
Adverb crossly

Example Sentences

  • She became increasingly cross when her colleague repeatedly interrupted her during the important meeting.

  • The constant noise from the construction site made it difficult for him to concentrate, leaving him feeling cross.

  • He grew cross with the slow and inefficient service at the restaurant, causing him to leave without ordering.

  • The incessant barking of the neighbor’s dog left her feeling cross and sleep-deprived.


The word “cross” has a long history and is used to describe a state of annoyance, irritation, or displeasure. Its origin can be traced back to the Old English word “cros,” meaning “angry” or “cross-grained.” “Cross” is an adjective that conveys a sense of being vexed or frustrated, often due to minor or inconsequential matters.

The usage of “cross” in the context of annoyance implies a temporary state of being upset or irritable. It describes a person’s emotional response to situations that provoke frustration or mild anger. The feeling of being cross often arises from experiencing inconveniences, misunderstandings, or setbacks.

Variations of the word “cross” include the noun form “crossness,” which refers to the state or quality of being cross, and the adverb form “crossly,” describing actions or behaviors that are characteristic of being cross.

Understanding the history and usage of “cross” reminds us of the inherent human tendency to experience annoyance or irritation. It encourages us to practice patience, empathy, and effective communication to navigate challenging situations and maintain harmonious relationships.