A feeling or appearance of melancholy or discouragement; a sullen or gloomy mood or expression


US English

UK English

Part of Speech



downcast, melancholy, morose, sad, dejected, dispirited


cheerful, happy, joyful, lively, bright, elated

Word Forms

Part of Speech Words
Noun glumnesses, glumness
Verb None
Adjective glum
Adverb glumly

Example Sentences

  • Despite the festive atmosphere, she remained glum, her face devoid of any joy or enthusiasm.

  • His glum demeanor reflected the weight of his recent disappointments and setbacks.

  • The rainy weather made everyone feel glum, as the dark clouds seemed to dampen their spirits.

  • The glum expression on his face revealed the sorrow he felt after receiving the bad news.


The word “glum” is an adjective used to describe someone’s appearance or demeanor as being sullen, gloomy, or morose. Its origin can be traced back to the Middle English word “glome,” meaning “gloomy” or “dejected.” The term “glum” entered the English language in the 16th century, and it has retained its meaning since then.

The usage of “glum” typically describes individuals who exhibit a lack of cheerfulness or enthusiasm. It conveys a sense of sadness, melancholy, or discontent. A glum person may appear downcast, with a somber expression or a lack of interest in their surroundings.

The word “glum” does not have any specific prefix, suffix, or root. It stands alone as a concise and evocative term to describe a particular emotional state.

Understanding the history and usage of “glum” reminds us of the diversity of human emotions and the importance of acknowledging and addressing feelings of sadness or discontent. It serves as a reminder to practice empathy and to provide support and understanding to those who may be going through a difficult time.