feeling or showing anger; very angry


US English

UK English

Part of Speech



angry, furious, incensed, mad, wrathful, indignant


pleased, content, satisfied, happy, calm, relaxed

Word Forms

Part of Speech Words
Noun None
Verb None
Adjective irate
Adverb irately

Example Sentences

  • The irate customer slammed the door and shouted at the cashier, demanding a refund.

  • When he discovered his car had been towed, he became irate and began yelling at the parking attendant.

  • The irate parent stormed into the principal’s office, expressing outrage over the school’s disciplinary policies.

  • After waiting for hours at the airport, the irate passengers confronted the airline staff, demanding an explanation for the delay.


The word “irate” has its roots in the Latin term “iratus,” which means “angry” or “enraged.” It stems from the root “ira,” meaning “anger.” The suffix “-ate” denotes the state or quality of the root word.

The usage of “irate” describes a state of extreme anger, fury, or indignation. It signifies a strong and passionate emotional response, often provoked by a perceived injustice or wrongdoing. The term is commonly used to convey intense anger that is visible or expressed through words, actions, or facial expressions.

As an adjective, “irate” emphasizes the heightened emotional state of anger or rage. It suggests a loss of control or a sense of being deeply offended or incensed. The term is frequently employed to describe individuals who are visibly and vocally furious in response to a particular situation or event.

Variations of the word “irate” include “irately” as an adverb form and “irateness” as a noun form.

Understanding the history and usage of “irate” helps us navigate and comprehend human emotions. It reminds us of the powerful impact of anger and the importance of managing it constructively. Recognizing when others are irate can encourage empathy and facilitate effective communication, promoting more harmonious relationships.