An insurgent is a person who rises in opposition or rebellion against an established government or authority.


US English

UK English

Part of Speech



Rebel, revolutionary, dissident, mutineer, agitator


Loyalist, conformist, traditionalist

Word Forms

Part of Speech Words
Noun insurgency, insurgent, insurgencies, insurgents
Verb None
Adjective insurgent
Adverb None

Example Sentences

  • The government’s attempt to crush the insurgency in the region has only fueled the flames of rebellion.

  • The insurgents set fire to several buildings in the city as a show of defiance against the government.

  • The leaders of the insurgency have called for an overthrow of the existing government and the establishment of a new system.

  • The country has been in a state of unrest since the insurgents began their campaign against the ruling regime.


The term “insurgent” is typically used to describe individuals or groups who are engaged in armed conflict against a government or ruling authority. Insurgencies can arise due to a variety of reasons, including political, economic, or social grievances, and they often seek to bring about radical changes in the existing power structure. Insurgencies can be highly disruptive and violent, and they can lead to significant instability and human suffering.

The term “insurgent” is often used in a negative context, as it implies opposition to the established order and a willingness to use force to achieve political goals. However, some insurgencies have been successful in bringing about positive change, such as the American Revolution or the struggle against apartheid in South Africa. In these cases, the insurgents were seen as freedom fighters and heroes.

The prefix “in-” in “insurgent” means “not” or “against,” while the root word “surge” means “to rise up.” The term “insurgent” is closely related to other words with the same root, such as “surgeon” (a person who cuts or operates) or “surge” (a sudden, powerful movement or increase). These words all share the idea of rising up or making a strong impact.

In conclusion, “insurgent” is a word used to describe individuals or groups who engage in armed conflict against an established government or authority. While it can have negative connotations, it can also be used to describe those who seek positive change through peaceful means. The word is derived from the Latin “insurgere,” meaning “to rise up.”