having an excessive interest in one’s own appearance, abilities, or qualities; characterized by self-love or self-centeredness


US English

UK English

Part of Speech



Egotistic, self-absorbed, self-centered, vain, conceited, arrogant


Humble, modest, unassuming, self-effacing, self-deprecating

Word Forms

Part of Speech Words
Noun narcissisms, narcissist, narcissism, narcissists
Verb None
Adjective narcissistic
Adverb None

Example Sentences

  • His narcissistic personality made it hard for him to listen to others and understand their perspective.

  • The movie star was so narcissistic that he always made sure the cameras were focused on him.

  • She was diagnosed with narcissistic personality disorder due to her persistent sense of entitlement and lack of empathy.

  • The narcissistic CEO constantly boasted about his own achievements and belittled the contributions of his hardworking employees.


The word “narcissistic” originates from the Greek mythological character Narcissus, who fell in love with his own reflection. It is formed by adding the suffix “-istic” to the root “narciss-” derived from the Greek word “narkissos.”

The term “narcissistic” is used to describe someone who displays excessive self-admiration, self-centeredness, and an exaggerated sense of self-importance. It characterizes individuals who have an insatiable need for admiration and validation, often at the expense of others. Such individuals tend to prioritize their own needs and desires above all else, seeking constant attention and recognition.

As an adjective, “narcissistic” highlights the personality traits and behavioral patterns associated with narcissism. It emphasizes a lack of empathy, an inflated sense of superiority, and a tendency to exploit and manipulate others for personal gain. It is important to note that while some level of self-absorption is normal, extreme levels of narcissism can be problematic and potentially damaging to relationships and personal well-being.

Variations of the word “narcissistic” include “narcissism” as a noun form and “narcissist” as a noun to refer to an individual who exhibits narcissistic traits.

Understanding the history and usage of “narcissistic” reminds us of the complex psychological dynamics at play when individuals prioritize their own needs and seek validation above all else. It encourages us to develop a balanced sense of self-worth and empathy for others, fostering healthier relationships and interactions. Recognizing narcissistic tendencies in ourselves and others can contribute to personal growth and improved emotional well-being.