Quick-tempered, easily irritated or angered


US English

UK English

Part of Speech



hot-headed, irritable, temperamental, impulsive, irascible, excitable


calm, cool-headed, composed, collected, patient, peaceful

Word Forms

Part of Speech Words
Noun choler, cholers
Verb None
Adjective choleric
Adverb None

Example Sentences

  • The choleric boss, known for his quick temper and explosive outbursts, created a hostile work environment.

  • Her choleric reaction to criticism resulted in a heated argument, leaving both parties feeling drained and frustrated.

  • She was trying to avoid her choleric husband, who was prone to sudden outbursts of anger and had a short fuse.

  • His choleric disposition made it difficult for others to approach him, as they feared his volatile reactions.


Choleric is used to describe someone who is quick-tempered, easily irritated or angered. It is often used to describe a person’s personality, temperament, or emotional state, and can be used to describe a general tendency or a specific situation. The word “choleric” finds its origins in the ancient Greek concept of bodily humors, specifically the “choler” or “yellow bile,” which was believed to be associated with a hot and irritable temperament. “Choleric” is an adjective used to describe individuals who are easily angered, hot-tempered, or prone to fits of rage.

The suffix “-ic” in “choleric” denotes a characteristic or quality, while the root “choler” refers to the bile associated with anger. This combination emphasizes the fiery and volatile nature of those described as choleric.

The usage of “choleric” typically pertains to individuals who display a quick and intense anger, often leading to outbursts or confrontations. Such individuals may have a short fuse, become easily provoked, and struggle to control their emotions. “Choleric” implies a disposition marked by irritability, impatience, and a tendency to react aggressively or explosively.

Variations of the word “choleric” include the noun form “choler,” which refers to the bile associated with anger, and the adverb form “cholerically,” describing actions or behaviors that are characteristic of a choleric temperament.

Understanding the history and usage of “choleric” sheds light on the importance of emotional self-regulation and understanding others’ emotional states. It reminds us to approach individuals with compassion and empathy, recognizing that their choleric nature may be a result of various internal or external factors.